Discover Cafe Rico Coffee

Since it is now the largest producer of coffee Central America, it is suprising how little is known about the introdcution of coffee to Honduras. What is probably the earliest record, dated to 1804, discusses the quality of the coffee produced there. This dates the arrival of coffee to before 1799, as the plants would take a few years to produce a crop.

Facts About Honduras

Population - 8,250,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 4,200,000
Growing Regions - Copan, Montecillos, Agalta, Opalaca, Comayagua and El Paraiso
Altitude - Between 1,000M to 1,600M
Harvest Time - Between November and March
Common Varieties - Bourbon, Caturra, Catuai, Pacas and Typica

Taste Profile

A range of different flavours are found in Honduran coffees, but the best often have a complex fruity qaulity, and a lively, juicy acidity.

Brazil has been the world's largest producer of coffee for more than 150 years. Currently, Brazil grows around one-third of the world's coffee, although in the past its market share was as high as eighty percent. Coffee was introduced to Brazil from French Guiana in 1727, while Brazil was still under Portuguese rule.

Facts About Brazil

Population - 201,033,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 47,544,000
Growing Regions - Bahia, Chapada Diamantina, Cerrado De Bahia/West Bahia, Planalto De Bahia, Minas Gerais, Cerrado, Sul De Minas, Chapada De Minas, Matas De Minas, Sao Papolo, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso Do Sul, Espirito Santo and Parana.
Altitude - Between 500M to 1,350M
Harvest Time - Between May and September
Common Varieties - Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Catuai, Acaia, Mundo Novo, Icatu

Taste Profile

Brazilian coffees tend to be low in acidity, heavy in body and sweet, often with chocolate and nutty flavours.

Coffee was probably first introduced to Colombia in 1723 bt the jesuits, though there are inevitably different accounts. It spread slowly as a commercial crop to various regions of the country, but its production did not become nsignificant until the end of the 19th century. By 1912, coffee made up approximately fifty percent of Colombia's total exports.

Facts About Colombia

Population - 47,073,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 10,900,000
Growing Regions - Cauca, Valle Del Cauca, Tolima, Huila, Quindio, Risaralda, Narino, Caldas, Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Santandar, North Santandar and Sierra Nevada.
Altitude - Between 900M to 2,300M
Harvest Time - Between March and December
Common Varieties - Typica, Caturra, Castillo.

Taste Profile

Colombian coffees have a huge range of flavours, from heavier, chocolatier coffees through to jammy, sweet, fruity lots. A huge spectrum of flavours exsists across the regions.

Coffee has been grown in Costa Rica since the early 19th century. When the country's independence from Spain was declared in 1821, the municipal government gave away free coffee seeds to encourage production and records show there were around seventeen thousand trees in Costa Rica at that point.

Facts About Costa Rica

Population - 4,586,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2012 - 1,396,000
Growing Regions - Central Valley, West Valley, Tarrazu, Tres Rios, Orosi, Brunca, Turrialba and Guanacaste.
Altitude - Between 600M to 1,900M
Harvest Time - Between July and March
Common Varieties - Typica, Caturra, Catuai, Villa Sarchi, Bourbon, Gesha, Villalobos.

Taste Profile

Costa Rican coffees are typically very clean and sweet, though often very light bodied. However, recently micro mills are producing a wider range of flavours and styles.

The First coffee plants were probably brought to Mexico around 1785, most likely from Cuba or what is now the Dominican Republic. There are reports of plantations in the region of Veracruz in 1790. However, due to the wealth earned from Mexico's rich mineral deposits, for many years there was little drive behind energizing and creating a coffee industry.

Facts About Mexico

Population - 118,395,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 3,900,000
Growing Regions - Chiapas, Oaxaca and Veracruz.
Altitude - Between 800M to 1,750M
Harvest Time - Between November and March
Common Varieties - Typica, Caturra, Bourbon, Maragogype.

Taste Profile

Mexico produces quite a range of coffees across its regions, from lighter-bodied, delicate coffees through to sweeter coffees with caramel, toffee or chocolate flavours in the cup.

Coffee was first brought to Peru between 1740 and 1760, at a time when the Viceroyalty of Peru covered a larger area than the country does today. Although the climate was well suited to large-scale coffee production, all coffee grown in the first hundred years or so was consumed locally. The first exports of coffee, to Germany and England, did not begin until 1887. 

Facts About Peru

Population - 30,475,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 4,200,000
Growing Regions - Cajamarca, Junin, Cusco and San Martin.
Altitude - Between 900M to 2,050M
Harvest Time - Between March and September.
Common Varieties - Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Pache, Mondo Novo, Catuai, Catimor.

Taste Profile

Typically Peruvian coffees have been clean, but a little soft and flat. They are sweet and relatively heavy bodied but not very complex. Increasingly there are distinctive and juicier coffees becoming available.

Of all the coffee-producing countries, Ethiopia is perhaps the most compelling. Its fascination stems not only from the unusual, astonishing coffees it produces, but from the mystery that shrouds so much of it. The explosively floral and fruity coffees from Ethiopia have opened many a coffee professional's eyes to the diversity of flavour that coffee can have.

Facts About Ethiopia

Population - 93,877,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 6,600,000
Growing Regions - Sidamo, Limu, Jima, Ghimb/Lekempti, Harrar, Yirgacheffe.
Altitude - Between 1,400M to 2,200M
Harvest Time - Between November and February.
Common Varieties - Heirloom Varieties.

Taste Profile

The flavours of Ethiopian coffees are notably diverse - from citrus, often bergamot, and florals through to candied fruit or even tropical fruit flavours.

Despite the face that neighbouring Ethiopia is considered the home of coffee, Kenya did not start production until relatively late. The earliest documented import of coffee dates to 1893 when French missionaries brought coffee trees from Reunion. Most agree that the variety of coffee they brought was Bourbon. It yielded its first crop in 1896.

Facts About Kenya

Population - 44,354,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2013 - 850,000
Growing Regions - Nyeri, Murang'a, Kirinyaga, Embu, Meru, Kiambu, Machakos, Nakuru, Kisii, Trans-nzoia, Keiyo and Marakwet.
Altitude - Between 1,200M to 2,300M
Harvest Time - Between October and December.
Common Varieties - SL-28, SL-34, Ruiru 11, Batian, K7, Blue Mountain.

Taste Profile

Kenyan coffees are renowned for their bright, complex berry/fruit qualities as well as their sweetness and intense acidity.

The origins of coffee production in southern India are entwined with myth. The story goes that a pilgrim named Baba Budan passed through Yeman in 1670 while returning from Mecca and smuggled out seven coffee seeds, the export of which was strictly controlled. Becasue he took seven, a sacrosanct number in Islam, it was considered a religious act.

Facts About India

Population - 1,210,193,000
Number of 60kg bags in 2012 - 5,303,000
Growing Regions - Tamil Nadu, Pulney, Nilgiri, Shevaroy, Karnataka, Bababudangiri, Chikmagalur, Coorg, Manjarabad, Kerala, Travancore, Wayanad, Andhra Pradesh.
Altitude - Between 400M to 2,000M
Harvest Time - Between October and February.
Common Varieties - S795, Selection 5B, Selection 9, Selection 10, Cauvery, Kent, Robustas, S274, Selection 4.

Taste Profile

The best coffees from india tend to be heavy, creamy and low in acidity, but rarely particularly complex.